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Starting antiretroviral treatment early improves outcomes for HIV-infected individuals

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For Immediate Release: Wednesday, May 27, 2015 NIH-funded trial results likely will impact global treatment guidelines A major international randomized clinical trial has found that HIV-infected individuals have a considerably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses if they start taking antiretroviral drugs sooner, when their CD4+ T-cell count—a key measure of immune…

NIH launches largest clinical trial focused on HIV-related cardiovascular disease

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Researchers have begun enrolling participants in a multicenter international clinical trial to test whether statin administration can reduce the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, strokes, and heart disease, in people with HIV infection. The trial is supported by the National Institutes of Health’s National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)…

Whitescarver steps down as director of NIH’s Office of AIDS Research

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Jack Whitescarver, Ph.D., who has led the Office of AIDS Research (OAR) at the National Institutes of Health since 2000, announced that he will step down from his post, effective July 1, 2015.  He also serves as NIH Associate Director for AIDS Research. The NIH will appoint an acting director for the office while it…

NIH, South African Medical Research Council award $8 million in HIV, TB grants

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The National Institutes of Health and the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) are awarding 31 grants to U.S. and South African scientists to support research targeting HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and HIV-related co-morbidities and cancers. The awards, which total $8 million in first-year funding, are the first to be issued through the South Africa–U.S. Program for…

NIH-led study to assess community-based hepatitis C treatment in Washington, D.C.

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Officials from the National Institutes of Health and the city of Washington, D.C., launched a clinical trial to examine whether primary care physicians and other health care providers, such as nurse practitioners and physician assistants, can use a new antiviral therapy as effectively as specialist physicians to treat people with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection….

“Mississippi Baby” Now Has Detectable HIV, Researchers Find

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The child known as the “Mississippi baby”—an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall—now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus, according to the pediatric…