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HIV Therapy for Breastfeeding Mothers Can Virtually Eliminate Transmission to Babies

Logo for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

HIV Therapy for Breastfeeding Mothers Can Virtually Eliminate Transmission to Babies For HIV-infected mothers whose immune system is in good health, taking a three-drug antiretroviral regimen during breastfeeding essentially eliminates HIV transmission by breast milk to their infants, according to results from a large clinical trial conducted in sub-Saharan Africa and India. These findings from…

Vaginal Ring May Cut HIV Infection Risk if Used Consistently

Vaginal ring - cropped July 2016

NIH Clinical Trial Will Clarify Relationship between Ring Adherence, HIV Infection Risk A new exploratory analysis of data from the ASPIRE study has found that using a drug-infused vaginal ring most or all of the time reduced the risk of HIV infection in women by at least 56 percent. This finding is being reported today…

Global Effort to End AIDS Would Save Millions of Lives

NIH Director blog - HIV virus with AIDS ribbons - cropped June 2016

Almost 37 million people around the world are now infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS [1]. But many don’t know they are infected or lack access to medical care. Even though major strides have been made in treating the infection, less than half receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) that could prevent…

NIAID to Fund Further Study of Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention Investment in HOPE Trial Augments Development of Next-Generation Prevention Tools

NIAID image - vaginal ring - ASPIRE study

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today that it would move forward with an open-label extension study of an HIV prevention tool for women: a silicone ring that continuously releases the experimental antiretroviral drug dapivirine in the vagina. The new study builds on…

Vaginal Ring Provides Partial Protection from HIV in Large Multinational Trial

Woman holding the dapivirine vaginal ring tested in the NIH-funded ASPIRE study.
Credit: International Partnership for Microbicides

NIH-Funded Study Finds Protective Effect Strongest in Women over Age 25 A ring that continuously releases an experimental antiretroviral drug in the vagina safely provided a modest level of protection against HIV infection in women, a large clinical trial in four sub-Saharan African countries has found. The ring reduced the risk of HIV infection by…

NIH Image Gallery Now on Flickr

NIH Image Gallery

Editor’s Note: Our first new media blog of 2015 emphasized the value of “keeping it visual.” So for our final new media post for the year, we share with you an image gallery from the National Institutes of Health that can help enhance your digital content. Looking for health or science related images? The National Institutes…

Early Antiretroviral Therapy Prevents Non-Aids Outcomes in HIV-Infected People, NIH-Supported Study Finds

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New Findings Illustrate Manifold Benefit of Therapy Starting antiretroviral therapy early not only prevents serious AIDS-related diseases, but also prevents the onset of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other non-AIDS-related diseases in HIV-infected people, according to a new analysis of data from the Strategic Timing of AntiRetroviral Treatment (START) study, the first large-scale randomized clinical trial to…

Starting antiretroviral treatment early improves outcomes for HIV-infected individuals

nih logo

For Immediate Release: Wednesday, May 27, 2015 NIH-funded trial results likely will impact global treatment guidelines A major international randomized clinical trial has found that HIV-infected individuals have a considerably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses if they start taking antiretroviral drugs sooner, when their CD4+ T-cell count—a key measure of immune…